Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is continuously striving to achieve gender equality in India by prioritizing gender equality and women empowerment through the projects it supports. Currently, India stands at 108 out of 142 countries in the gender global ranking and the development of economic empowerment, improvement of health and education facilities, gender-responsive infrastructure and furthering gender governance are required for strengthening of women security.
Speaking about on the International Women’s day, Ms. Aditi Puri, Lead Development Specialist, JICA India Office said, “JICA’s vision is in line with the theme for International Women’s Day 2019, which is “Think equal, build smart, innovate for change . JICA’s projects provide a platform for empowering women and they focus on the role women play in society. We realize the need for promoting women to participate in decision making in the community, as well as increasing women's financial access. Our projects use an inclusive approach towards betterment of women’s economic empowerment, rights & security, education and health.”
For example, the Delhi Metro project, which is supported by JICA, incorporated gender elements into various aspects of the project. It introduced one coach dedicated for women passengers across all the metro trains of Delhi Metro, exclusive seat for women and CCTV camera in the station, which strengthened the security level and encouraged women to ride even at odd hours. To put it factually, 31% of the total Delhi Metro passengers are women, of which 82% travel alone by Delhi Metro.
Another such example is of the Rajasthan Water Sector Livelihood Improvement Project, wherein JICA promotes gender governance. It is a gender-inclusive project, having a special focus on gender law amendment for the right to water resource management. With this project, JICA has enhanced the role of women and ensured their increased participation in Water User Associations (WUA) by establishment of WUA Women Wing, thereby promoting mainstream gender equity and women’s empowerment.
The JICA-supported Swan River Integrated Watershed Management Project has brought significant change in lives of more than 6,000 rural women by forming a women’s association network called “SWAN Federation” in the Una district of Himachal Pradesh. Presently, these women are members of 425 Self Help Group (SHG), spread across 50 Panchayats of the district. These SHGs have been formed to undertake wide gamut of activities like micro savings, demonstration and dissemination of better technologies, addressing of social issues and so on, for rural empowerment through women.
Similarly, JICA has been encouraging women employment in India by introducing a new method in harvesting vegetables. Jharkhand Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation Project has increased ownership for women, thereby empowering 30,000 farmers to be financially independent.
JICA has made tremendous strides in improving sanitation conditions for women, where JICA conducted a study and concluded that Women’s needs are different. The conclusion drawn was women/girls are at risk of sexual harassment and to avoid any appalling incidents proximity to toilet is important for women particularly, during pregnancy. Small group common latrines ensures safety and security, and appropriate management in rural area. Therefore, JICA has been catering to sanitation requirements of women in India.
By promoting projects with consideration on gender aspects, JICA would like to continue our contribution to accelerate the achievement in gender equality in India.
Established by a specific law as an incorporated administrative institution under the Government of Japan, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) aims to promote international cooperation as the sole Japanese governmental agency in charge of ODA implementation. JICA is the world's largest bilateral donor agency. JICA works as a bridge between Japan and emerging countries, and provides assistance in the form of loans, grants and technical cooperation, so that the emerging countries can strengthen their capabilities.
JICA India Office Web: http://www.jica.go.jp/india/english/
|Image Caption : Mr. Katsuo Matsumoto, Chief Representative, JICA India, standing with women from the Jharkhand Horticulture Intensification by Micro Drip Irrigation Project who are happy to be financially independent||click for high-res image|